Unlocking Nested Data Efficiency: Harnessing Application Domain Indexes in ClickHouse
Application Domain Indexes (ADIs) in ClickHouse provide a way to efficiently index and query nested data structures. ADIs allow for faster data retrieval and filtering when dealing with complex hierarchical or nested data. Let’s explore how ADIs are implemented in ClickHouse with a real-life data set example.
Suppose we have a dataset containing customer information for an e-commerce platform. Each customer record includes details such as customer ID, name, email, phone number, and a nested field for order history. The order history contains sub-fields like order ID, purchase date, and product details. We want to implement an ADI on the order history to enable efficient querying of customer data based on order attributes.
Create the Table: We need to create a table in ClickHouse to store the customer data, including the nested order history field.
CREATE TABLE customers
order_history Nested (
product_details Nested (
) ENGINE = MergeTree()
ORDER BY customer_id
In the above example, the table “customers” includes the customer ID, name, email, phone number, and the nested “order_history” field. The “order_history” field contains the nested “order_id,” “purchase_date,” and “product_details” fields.
Create the Application Domain Index
To implement an ADI, we define an index on the desired nested field using the “INDEX” keyword. In this case, we want to create an index on the “order_history” field.
CREATE INDEX idx_order_history ON customers (order_history) TYPE minmax GRANULARITY 100
In the above example, we create an index named “idx_order_history” on the “order_history” field of the “customers” table. We specify the index type as “minmax” and set the index granularity to 100. The index granularity determines the number of distinct index keys to store.
Querying Data using ADI:
Once the ADI is created, we can query the data using the nested field efficiently. ClickHouse automatically utilizes the ADI to optimize the query execution.
SELECT customer_id, name, email
WHERE order_history.order_id = 12345
In the above example, we retrieve the customer ID, name, and email of customers who have made an order with the ID 12345. ClickHouse leverages the ADI on the “order_history” field to efficiently filter and retrieve the relevant customer data.
Maintenance and Optimization:
ADIs in ClickHouse require periodic maintenance to ensure optimal performance. You can rebuild or optimize the ADI periodically to incorporate any changes or updates in the nested data. Additionally, you can adjust the index granularity based on the data distribution and query patterns to achieve optimal performance.
Application Domain Indexes (ADIs) in ClickHouse provide a powerful mechanism to index and query nested data structures efficiently. By implementing ADIs, you can improve query performance and enable faster retrieval of data from complex hierarchical or nested fields. ClickHouse’s support for ADIs makes it an ideal choice for handling and querying nested data in real-life scenarios, such as e-commerce platforms, IoT applications, and log analytics.
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