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  4. Foundational guide for administrators and developers to troubleshoot ClickHouse instances running on Kubernetes
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  4. Foundational guide for administrators and developers to troubleshoot ClickHouse instances running on Kubernetes

Foundational guide for administrators and developers to troubleshoot ClickHouse instances running on Kubernetes

This guide covers connecting to the Kubernetes cluster, inspecting namespaces and pods, and examining logs for troubleshooting.

In the dynamic landscape of modern software development, Kubernetes (K8s) has emerged as the cornerstone for deploying and managing containerized applications at scale. Its unparalleled flexibility, scalability, and fault tolerance make it an essential tool for developers and DevOps professionals alike. Among the myriad of applications that benefit from Kubernetes, ClickHouse stands out as a high-performance, open-source column-oriented database management system that excels in real-time analytical processing.

Why Kubernetes Deployment is Important

In today’s fast-paced digital world, the ability to rapidly deploy, update, and scale applications is crucial. Kubernetes facilitates this agility, enabling organizations to respond swiftly to market changes, customer demands, and competitive pressures. Its ecosystem supports a vast array of tools and services, including ClickHouse, enhancing operational efficiency and performance.


1. Connecting to Kubernetes (K8s)

Before diving into the intricacies of troubleshooting ClickHouse in Kubernetes, it’s crucial to establish a connection with your K8s cluster. This involves authenticating with AWS Single Sign-On (SSO) to access your Kubernetes environment. The process is straightforward:

a. Sign In and Acquire Token

Use the AWS CLI to configure SSO with below command, entering details such as the SSO start URL, region, and account information. This step is essential for setting up your development environment on AWS, specifically for Kubernetes deployments.

  • Step 1: Initialize AWS SSO (Single Sign-On) for profile configuration:
    aws configure sso --profile dev-eks
  • Step 2: Enter the SSO Start URL: https://chista***.aws****.com/start
  • Step 3: Log into the AWS account via a browser as directed.
  • Step 4: Specify the SSO Region (e.g., us-east-1) and the AWS Account (Dev****load) details.
  • Step 5: Select the appropriate role for access.

b. Adding AWS Profile to kubectl Config

Integrate your AWS profile with kubectl, Kubernetes command-line tool,  – This action links your AWS credentials with Kubernetes, allowing seamless interaction between the two.

  • Update the kubectl config with the AWS profile:
    aws --profile dev-eks eks update-kubeconfig --name dbaas-eks --region us-east-1 --role-arn arn:aws:iam::965*********:role/dbaas-eks-eksclusterMastersRole**************

c. Other Environments

Kubernetes versatility extends to managing multiple environments under a single umbrella. You can easily connect to various environments such as prod-eks, stage-eks, and dev-eks. This capability simplifies managing different deployment stages from development to production, ensuring a smooth CI/CD pipeline

2. Checking Kubernetes Namespaces

Kubernetes namespaces are a fundamental aspect of organizing and securing cluster resources. They allow you to segregate resources for different environments or projects within the same cluster. For instance, executing kubectl get ns might reveal a variety of active namespaces, such as amazon-guardduty, cert-manager, and dbaas, each representing a unique aspect of your cluster’s architecture and deployed applications.

  • Use the following command to list all namespaces: kubectl get ns
  • This command displays all active namespaces and their age, helping you identify the correct namespace for ClickHouse deployments.

3. Checking Kubernetes Pods

When it comes to troubleshooting ClickHouse or any application within Kubernetes, specific commands are invaluable:

a. List Pods in a Namespace

  • To check the pods in a specific namespace (e.g., dbaas-db): kubectl get pods -n dbaas-db
  • This will list all pods, their status, restart counts, and age within the dbaas-db namespace.

b. Describe Pod Status

  • To get more detailed information about a pod’s condition: kubectl describe pod <pod-name> -n <namespace>
  • Replace <pod-name> and <namespace> with the actual pod name and namespace, respectively, to inspect.

4. Checking Pod Logs

  • Use the following command to follow the logs of a specific pod: kubectl -n <namespace> logs -f <pod-name>
  • Replace <namespace> and <pod-name> with the actual namespace and pod name. This is crucial for troubleshooting issues within the ClickHouse instance running in the pod.

5. Interactive Pod Access

  • To execute commands inside a pod interactively: kubectl exec -it <pod-name> -n <namespace> -- /bin/bash
  • This command provides shell access to the pod, allowing for detailed investigation and troubleshooting of the ClickHouse instance.

Troubleshooting ClickHouse running on Kubernetes pods requires understanding both ClickHouse’s architecture and Kubernetes’ resource management. Issues may range from configuration errors, network partitions, to performance bottlenecks, necessitating a comprehensive approach:

  • Analyzing ClickHouse Logs: Identifying errors and warnings in ClickHouse logs can offer immediate clues to underlying issues.
  • Monitoring Metrics: Leveraging tools like Prometheus and Grafana for real-time monitoring of ClickHouse metrics can help detect performance issues and anomalies.
  • Resource Utilization: Ensuring that ClickHouse pods have sufficient CPU, memory, and disk resources is critical for optimal performance.
  • Network Troubleshooting: Investigating network connectivity within the Kubernetes cluster can uncover issues affecting database accessibility and performance.


Deploying ClickHouse on Kubernetes offers significant advantages in scalability, resilience, and operational flexibility. However, mastering Kubernetes commands and understanding the interaction between ClickHouse and Kubernetes is crucial for effective troubleshooting. As Kubernetes continues to evolve as the backbone of container orchestration, its role in deploying and managing applications like ClickHouse will only grow. This knowledge base provides a foundational guide for administrators and developers to troubleshoot ClickHouse instances running on Kubernetes pods within an AWS EKS environment. By following these steps, users can connect to the Kubernetes cluster, inspect the environment, and diagnose issues with ClickHouse deployments.

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